By Marcus Richard
Myanmar, often known as Burma, is a country of several ethnic groups, each with its unique traditions, rituals, and dress styles. Myanmar's traditional dress, from the exquisite longyi worn by both men and women to the ornate clothes of specific ethnic groupings, is a visual expression of the country's deep-rooted cultural legacy.
Welcome to the bright world of Myanmar's traditional dress, where a kaleidoscope of colors, exquisite designs, and cultural symbolism weave a beautiful tapestry of legacy. In this post, we encourage you to explore the enthralling world of Myanmar's national costume, learning to know what is the traditional dress of Myanmar and the stories of the country's cultural identity.
Learning about Myanmar's national dress to understand cultural heritage here
1. What is the traditional dress of Myanmar?
Myanmar's national dress dates back to the 18th century, when it was meticulously crafted and worn by individuals in positions of authority in the Konbaung palace.
Women wore floral head decorations, embellished shirts, felt slippers, and an htamein. Men wore a turban, hnyat-phanat slippers, a silk jacket embroidered with fur, and a cotton shirt. Later, with the conclusion of the British era in the nation, it was somewhat modified.
The answer to the question, “What is the traditional dress of Myanmar? It is called a "longyi." The longyi is a versatile garment worn by men and women throughout the country. It is a wraparound skirt made from various fabrics, such as silk, cotton, or synthetic materials. The longyi is typically ankle-length and is secured at the waist with a knot or fold. It is an iconic and widely recognized clothing in Myanmar, representing its cultural heritage and traditional attire.
Knowing what the traditional dress of Myanmar is
2. Traditional Clothes of Myanmar People
Myanmar's traditional costumes for men
Longyi for men comes in various sizes to fit every body type. One fascinating fact is that men's dresses were strapless and secured with a simple knot; as a result, they constantly had to adjust the skirt when they moved. Longyi has no pockets; thus, people must carry cash, mobile phones, or other personal goods outside and around the skirt. Men will often wear dark-colored checkerboard longyi. They just alter the style of Longyi by altering the materials, textures, and colors. And it is connected with a wide range of clothing, including T-shirts, shirts, jackets, and vests.
Myanmar National Dress for Women
Myanmar's traditional dress is divided into longyi (the bottom) and taipon (the top). This traditional outfit is worn differently by Burmese men and women. Burmese women’s traditional longyi is known as thummy. However, unlike men's sides, the thummy has the correct side up and is distinguished by a band around the waist. The bottom of the tummy is firmer, causing women to move smaller yet seem more lovely. Thummy patterns vary in design but are brilliant in color, with floral elements, and are commonly worn by ladies, particularly during weddings. Burmese women and men are generally allowed to wear longyi with any taipon (top) they wish. Depending on the circumstance, footwear might be either flip-flops or shoes.
Longyi is the traditional dress of Myanmar
3. When did the Burmese wear traditional clothing?
People from other nations only wear traditional clothing on rare occasions and at national festivals. However, Myanmar's traditional costumes are worn daily since they are comfortable and brisk clothing ideal for the country's hot weather. The technique of wearing Myanmar national costumes is quite basic, so they are easy to put on and take off when needed in ordinary life. What's more, when appropriate, these traditional garments may be drawn up to form a "raincoat," a "sun shirt," or even recruited to create a sturdy substrate for Burmese women to carry goods (fruits, rice bags, delicacies).
It is clear that Myanmar people are not euphuistic in their clothes and manner of living. Even on important occasions, Myanmar or Burmese ladies rarely use cosmetics. As a result, visitors who visit Myanmar will undoubtedly acquire the impression that the country is essential and closed and the people are honest and friendly. Going to Myanmar, trying on their traditional costumes, and conversing with the people, I am confident that you will fall in love with them as much as we do.
The occasion to wear Myanmar traditional dress
4. How do you wear Burmese longyi?
Wearing a Burmese longyi involves a wrapping and tying technique. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to wear a Burmese longyi:
- Start with the longyi: Hold it lengthwise and step into it, positioning the fabric at your waist level. The longyi should be wide enough to wrap around your body comfortably.
- Wrap the longyi: Bring one end across your front towards the opposite side, ensuring it covers your waist completely. Hold the fabric firmly against your waist to keep it in place.
- Secure the longyi: Take the other end of the longyi and bring it around your back, overlapping the first end at your waist. Adjust the tightness as desired.
- Create a fold: With both ends of the longyi now in front, fold the top edge of the fabric down towards your waist, creating a neat and double-layered waistband.
- Tie a knot: Gather the folded fabric and tie a knot at your waist. The knot should be secure enough to hold the longyi in place but not too tight to cause discomfort.
- Adjust the length: Check the length of the longyi. It should typically fall around ankle-length or slightly above the ground. If it is too long, fold the excess fabric at the bottom to achieve the desired length. Alternatively, you can also fold the longyi higher to adjust the length.
- Arrange the folds: To create a neat appearance, arrange and adjust the folds of the longyi evenly around your waist. This step can be done according to personal preference or regional style variations.
- Optional: For added security, you can tuck in the loose ends of the longyi at the waistband or fold them neatly to the side.
The way to wear longyi - traditional dress of Myanmar
The longyi is not just a garment; it embodies Myanmar's cultural heritage. Worn with pride and reverence, the longyi reflects the country's diverse ethnic groups, traditions, and values. From its practicality in the tropical climate to its role in expressing cultural identity, the longyi stands as a testament to the rich tapestry of Myanmar's national dress. As Myanmar continues to embrace modernization, the longyi remains a symbol of cultural preservation, unity, and a deep-rooted connection to the past.
Myanmar recently developed an electronic visa system (Myanmar e visa) that allows visitors from certain countries to apply for a visa online. This type of visa is issued online by the Ministry of Immigration and Population to accelerate the implementation of Myanmar's e-government digitization and boost the country's tourist industry.
- Myanmar e-visas are available to citizens of over 100 countries, including the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom.
- Myanmar electronic visas are now available in two types: Tourist e-visa and Business e-visa.
Travelers may discover more about Myanmar e-visas in advance by visiting the Myanmar Immigration Services. They may immediately apply for a Myanmar e-visa online and complete the appropriate documentation.